What types of caregivers are available
to me and how do they differ?
and safety, transportation, assistance around the home, and companionship or
friendly visits at home or in a facility.
Personal Care Aide/PCA
In addition to those
services provided by Companions, Personal Care Aides also assist with dressing,
bathing, grooming, meal preparation, and light housekeeping.
Home Health Aide/HHA
Home Health Aides,
licensed in the State of New York, provide the same services as Personal Care
As indicated by their
title, Certified Nursing Assistants are certified by New York State to provide
all services described above, in addition to all activities of daily living
(ADLs) and medication assistance.
Nursing Services/LPN or RN
Nurses provide medical
services ordered by a physician, such as monitoring vital signs and medication
assistance; Registered Nurses can also conduct health assessments.
What is the difference between
“skilled” and “unskilled” medical care?
(non-medical) care generally refers to companion and personal care activities, such
as bathing, grooming, dressing, as well as assistance with meal preparation,
light housekeeping, and running errands. It could also include medication
reminders, assistance with ambulation, and transportation to medical
appointments. These types of services are typically provided by Personal Care
Aides (PCA), Home Health Aides (HHA) or Certified Nursing Assistants (CNA), and
are available from a few hours to 24-hours a day.
medical care is provided by licensed professionals, including nurses, physical,
occupational, speech and respiratory therapists, mental health professionals
and hospice care. Skilled medical
services are ordered by a physician, and care follows a specific plan under the
supervision of a physician, registered nurse or therapist for a determinate
period of time based on medical need. Skilled
medical care in the home can provide a comforting alternative to a hospital or
nursing home stay.
Skilled care is typically
covered by insurance, while non-skilled services are generally paid
How much does it cost to hire an
dependent on a number of variables, such as hours of engagement, length of
engagement, proximity to the caregiver’s home and services required.